Institute for Medical Ethics and History of Medicine at Ruhr-University Bochum Malakowturm Markstraße 258a 44799 Bochum Deutschland

Phone: +49 (0)234 32-28582


Curriculum vitae

Since 2022Research associate at the Institute for Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, Ruhr-University Bochum
Since 2022M.St. Practical Ethics, University of Oxford
2021Certification (K1) as “Ethics Advisor in Health Care” of the Academy for Ethics in Medicine (AEM)
2021Medical license (MD)
2019-2021Medical doctorate and research assistant of the BMBF research group SALUS – the ethics of coercion: striking a balance between autonomy, well-being and security in psychiatric practice“ at Ruhr-University Bochum
2015-2022Interdisciplinary Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy and Political Science at Leibniz University Hannover; semester abroad at the University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica
2014-2021Medical studies at Hannover Medical School
2013/ 14Studium generale at Leibniz Kolleg, Tübingen


2023Philosophy and Ethics in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy award of the German Society for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, Psychosomatics and Neurology (DGPPN), Titel: “When Treatment Pressures Become Coercive: A Context-sensitive Model of Informal Coercion in Mental Healthcare”
2023Young Scholar Award of the European Society for Philosophy of Medicine and Healthcare (ESPMH), 2nd prize Titel: “Why baseline theories fall short in assessing the coerciveness of kidney markets”


2021EU COST Action FOSTREN – Fostering and Strengthening Approaches to Reducing Coercion in European Mental Health Services
2021European Violence in Psychiatry Research Group (EViPRG)
2020Young Medical Ethics Network (JMED) of the Academy for Ethics in Medicine
2020Generation PSY of the German Society for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, Psychosomatics and Neurology (DGPPN), Section Ethics in Psychiatry


  • Coercion and psychological pressure in mental healthcare
  • Intersectionality in the context of mental healthcare
  • Clinical ethics consultation
  • Research ethics


Articles in peer-review journals

  • Hempeler C, Windel A-S, Schneider-Reuter L, Carlet J, Philipsen L, Juckel G, Gather J, Yeboah A, Faissner M (forthcoming): Intersectionality and Discriminatory Practices Within Mental Healthcare: A Systematic Review and Qualitative Evidence Synthesis. Psychiatric Services.

  • Faissner M, Brünig L, Gaillard A-S, Jieman A-T, Gather J, Hempeler C (forthcoming): Intersectionality as a tool for clinical ethics consultation in mental healthcare. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine.

  • Hempeler C, Braun E, Potthoff S, Gather J, Scholten M (2023): When treatment pressures become coercive: A context-sensitive model of informal coercion in mental healthcare. The American Journal of Bioethics.

  • Potthoff S, Hempeler C, Gather J, Gieselmann A, Vollmann J, Scholten M (forthcoming): Research ethics in practice: An analysis of ethical issues encountered in qualitative health research with mental health service users and relatives. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy.

  • Potthoff S, Gather J, Hempeler C, Gieselmann A, Scholten M (2022): “Voluntary in quotation marks”: a conceptual model of psychological pressure in mental healthcare based on a grounded theory analysis of interviews with service users. BMC Psychiatry. 2022;22(1):186.

Short Articles and Commentaries

  • Hempeler C, Braun E, Faissner M, Gather J, Scholten M (2024): Preferences of Individual Mental Health Service Users Are Essential in Determining the Least Restrictive Type of Restraint. AJOB Neuroscience, 15:1,19-22.

  • Hempeler C, Gather J, Kleditzsch A M, Scholten M (2022): Selbstbestimmung im Rahmen pflegerischer Versorgung: Die Bedeutung von Einwilligungsfähigkeit und Freiwilligkeit. Psych Pflege Heute 28(06):290-295. doi: 10.1055/a-0964-2302.

  • Hempeler C, Gather J, Haberstroh J, Trachsel M (2022): Shared Decision-Making bei Patient_innen mit psychischen Störung oder kognitiven Beeinträchtigungen. Ther Umsch. 2022;79(8):393-400.



  • Hempeler C, Scholten M, Werning A, Gather J (in press): What is coercion and (how) can it be justified in mental healthcare? An ethical analysis. In: Richter D, Whittington R, Hallett N, Eneje E (eds.) Violence and Coercion in Mental Health Settings – Causes, Consequences, Management. Springer.

  • Gather J, Hempeler C, Faissner M, Vollmann J (in press): Clinical Ethics Support in Mental Healthcare. In: Helmchen H, Sartorius N (eds.) Ethics in Psychiatry. Springer.